Labour, Politics, UK

A synopsis of Labour Manifesto for 2019 GE and a brief guide to Tactical voting

So, I have finally managed to read through the Labour Manifesto for the 2019 General Election. Needless to say that as a supporter for social justice and abolition of inequality, the Labour pledge presents an ideal proposition. There are questions that could be raised, and answers are not available in the document, but the document instills a fresh breath of hope for the voters who have felt stifled during last nine years of austerity, through which, the Tories only managed to double the National Debt. The 107 page long manifesto is divided into five broad categories and numerous sub-categories, and in the sections below, I have extracted a bullet point summary of the salient features for each section. Some sections are longer, but nevertheless, it is evident that the Labour proposal is definitely for the many, not for the few.

Green Industrial Revolution

Economy and Energy

  • One million climate jobs – To Deliver the Green revolution
  • £400bn national transformation fund to invest in meeting climate and environment targets
  • Net zero carbon energy by 2030
  • Zero carbon standard for all new homes
  • Immediately ban fracking permanently
  • Supply arms of big six into public ownership
  • 3% of GDP in R&D towards climate goal

Transport

  • Free bus travel under 25s
  • Reinstate 3000 bus routes – Bring back routes less used and discontinued by private bus operators
  • Railways into public ownership – hope this will make the rail ticket more affordable. Would have been better if this was made free for under 21s
  • End of combustion engines by 2030 – ten years sooner than Tory pledge

Environment

  • Maintain and improve on EU standards of environment regulations
  • New Clean air act with vehicle scrappage scheme and clean air zone
  • £5.6bn for flood defences
  • Net zero carbon food production by 2040

Animal Welfare

  • Prohibit sell of snares and glue traps – people still buy them?!
  • Ban badger cull
  • Campaign internationally to end commercial whaling
  • Ban import of trophies – would have liked to see trophy hunting a criminal offence even if carried out on foreign soil

Rebuild Public services

Funding

  • Reverse corporation tax cuts – to c.26%, level lower than 28% in 2010, but higher than 19% as present. Conservatives shelved the plan to bring it further down to 17% but they will.
  • Crackdown on tax avoidance – would have liked to see a process/proposal how this would be implemented.
  • £150bn social transformation fund to replace, upgrade and expand schools, hospitals, care homes and council houses – A big ask, again, but desperately needed. It would have been needed at the end of austerity, regardless of the party.

NHS

  • End and reverse privatisation
  • Halt sale of NHS land and assets
  • Free hospital parking for patients, visitors and staff
  • GP training for 27 million appointments more – Tories offered 50 million
  • £2bn to modernise hospitals for mental health patients
  • £1bn fund and 4500 more health visitors and school nurses
  • Training bursary for nurses and midwives
  • Establish generic drug company – this is huge! This can eliminate NHS paying high prices for branded medicine to meet the zero prescription charges
  • NHS fully excluded from any international deal
  • Abolish prescription charges in England
  • Support autistic patients in home

National education service

  • Reverse sure start cuts – this is desperately needed for parents since over a 1000 has been shut in last few years.
  • Paid maternity leave to 12 months
  • 2,3,4 year olds 30hr free preschool – this will help working parents to be back to work sooner. presently the provision is means-tested.
  • 150,000 early years staff more incl. SENCO
  • Arts Pupil Premium- to fund arts education to every student
  • Free school meal for all primary children
  • Close tax loopholes for elite schools
  • Free entitlement to training up to level 3
  • Abolish tuition fees for university education and reinstate maintenance grants

Police and Security

  • Re-establish neighbourhood policing
  • Eliminate institutional racial and gender bias
  • Constrain powers of PM to suppress committee reports – as presently Boris Johnson suppressed the publication of the report on influence of Russia in recent UK government
  • Security treaty with EU even if Brexit happens

Justice

  • Break poverty inequality crime triangle
  • Restore prison officer numbers to 2010 levels
  • PFI prisons to back in-house
  • Restore all early legal aids
  • Halt court closures
  • Decriminalise abortion
  • Public enquiry into blacklisting and Grenfell

Communities and Local government

  • Reinstate council spending to 2010 levels
  • Restore high street
  • Stop post office closures and bring Mail in-house
  • Reunite with Post office and create Post bank to fund green initiatives
  • National youth service for access to local work

Fire and rescue

  • 5000+ fire fighters

Digital, culture, media & sport

  • Broadband into public ownership
  • £1bn cultural capital fund for libraries, museums and galleries
  • Free entry to museums – At least they can be made free for under 25s.
  • Free TV license for over 75s
  • Premier league income spent in grassroots
  • Curb gambling ads – help prevent gambling addiction

Tackle Poverty and Inequality

Work

  • Eradicate in work poverty – for families with not enough income to meet the expenses
  • Living wage £10 for all over 16 – not the cop out £10.50 for over 25s
  • Universal basic income pilot – it will be interesting to see the outcome, preferably used on the lowest income areas first
  • Ban zero hour contracts
  • Right to flexible working for all
  • Paternity leave to 4 weeks and increasing statutory pay
  • Introduce statutory bereavement leave
  • 4 new bank holidays – 4 holidays…yay! Selecting the patron Saints’ days possibly an easy win rather than celebrate significant days in British history instead.
  • Eliminate gender pay gap and pay discrimination
  • Ban unpaid internships – why would an intern do all the donkey work without any payment anyway?
  • Remove restrictions on trade unions
  • Repeal trade union act 2016
  • Align UK law in line with ILO
  • Reduce full time working hour to 32 in a decade
  • Ending opt out option for EU working time directive
  • New labour courts
  • Amend companies act – for companies to prioritise long term growth

Women and equalities

  • New Department for women and equalities
  • Close gender gap by 2030
  • Ban dismissal of pregnant women
  • 10 days paid leave for victims of domestic abuse
  • Misogyny will be hate crime
  • Educate about migration and colonialism

Migration

  • Scrap 2014 immigration act
  • End indefinite detention and inhumane condition
  • £20m to survivors of modern slavery
  • Free movement for EU workers
  • End deportation of family members – of people with rights to stay in the UK
  • End minimum income for migrants
  • Safe asylum process

Social Security

  • Scrap universal credit
  • Scrap benefit cap and two child limit
  • Payment 2 weekly, rent direct to landlords
  • End digital only, +5000 advisors
  • Scrap bedroom tax
  • Increase local housing allowance
  • Assessments in house for disabled people
  • No increase in state pension over age of 66

Housing

  • £1bn fire safety fund for fire safety in all high rise council houses
  • More than a million homes by 2030
  • Scrap definition of affordable homes – Definition linked to local incomes
  • Stop social cleansing – All residents offered a new place in the same development
  • Levy on overseas companies buying houses
  • End leasehold properties
  • New minimum standards for renting
  • End rough sleeping
  • National levy on second holiday home

Constitutional issues

  • End hereditary principle of House of Lords
  • Abolish House of Lords – replaced by Senate of Nations and Regions
  • Voting age 16
  • Ban funding from tax avoiders
  • Repeal lobbying act 2014
  • Women access to abortion in NI
  • No hard border in Ireland
  • Scotland £100bn. 120000 homes.

Brexit

  • Brexit 3 months to a deal. Six months to referendum
  • UK wide customs union
  • close alignment with single market
  • Consumers, environment rights to be at least at pace with EU
  • Close cooperation with security arrangements
  • Scrap existing Brexit legislation
  • EU nationals automatic right to stay

A New Internationalism

A New Internationalism

  • Introduce war powers act, no PM can bypass parliament
  • Audit impact of colonialism

Effective Diplomacy

  • Judge led enquiry into torture and secret court
  • Issue formal apology for Jalianwala Bag
  • Stop arms deal with Saudi and Israel
  • Seek justice for breaches of human rights across the world
  • Support two state solution

Defence and Security

  • £100m to UN peacekeeping missions
  • Support Trident – that’s an about turn! Why would one support Trident?

International Solidatity and Social Justice

  • Department for International development
  • support UN process of binding business and human right
  • International climate finance £4bn/year
  • Aid-funded Food Sovereignty Fund for Global South

There are many more policies through which the government proposes to put an end to austerity. A number of financial analyses were run on Labour’s policies and the general view is that it is achievable, but possibly unrealistic on timescale. However, desperate times need desperate actions. The austerity has split the country – not just into North-South divide but the entire society is divided. What’s worrying is the inequality is widening rapidly and for their vested interests, the Tory government is unwilling to stop the austerity.

The increasing pay gap between the richest and poorest areas in the UK, and a comparison with other countries
Source: Economist

Clearly the Labour manifesto touches life of the many and not for the few who usurp the system with the help of their Tory elitist pals. It gives people hope, reinstates faith in the role of the state and shows a way how the government can embrace the climate concerns and the social, economic and political reforms can all pivot around the climate policies. It also shows that governance doesn’t have to be top-down like authoritarian regimes, but a bottom-up approach is equally viable, where local communities and people are given the powers to make the governance happen.

Amid all the euphoria, few things stand out, that is no clear execution plan, with a timeline. I have browsed through the Tory manifesto as well, notwithstanding the fact that most of it will be lies. What I found easily accessible is their costing report, where they show how they propose to fund any additional investments year on year, and how they are planning to earn the revenue. The Labour manifesto showed the revenue at the end of 2023/4 but the division was not presented on yearly basis. However, some additional information was presented in the detail analysis later on, although for most of the readers, that information would go amiss if they are only looking at the summary revenue and expenses sheet. Also, it was curious how both parties show a completely balanced sheet with revenues equal to expenses. Chances of that happening is slim. I would have also liked to see a detailed timeline of when exactly some of the policies will be implemented. Kudos to them for areas where a clear deadline was provided, such as three months to reach a deal with the EU and six months to the new referendum. But it would have been useful to know what else will be happening in first six months, one year, two years…But I guess it’s a difficult ask for an ambitious plan. If you offered tumbleweed, you can come up with elaborate plans to make it look massive, but the opposite is not easy to make it both credible and lucrative to all stakeholders. My final observation is about the recipient of the manifesto document. I know it needs to serve the interests of the complete demographics, but in my view, Labour’s manifesto should be about the unheard voices – the people who are left behind by the Tories with their austerity. Apart from the manifesto, there should have been templates for what the Labor pledge meant for e.g. Nurses, Police, Firefighters, Social workers, Pensioners, Disabled persons, Teachers, EU migrants, single mothers etc. Perhaps there are videos and other resources, but the people who are so hard pressed to make ends meet are not expected to go through the wordy manifesto. Oh and on Page 63, there was a typo “introducenew” with space missing. At least it’s only a space, unlike missing truth or integrity like the Conservative party.

I wouldn’t expand much on the catalogue of lies spewed by the Tories, as this will become a very long post. I would leave at the fact that they lied on the first day of the campaign by publishing a doctored video of Keir Starmer, then they changed their Tweeter handle to FactCheck spreading lies about Labour campaign, then lied about the number of nurses to be recruited…to top it off, the social media ads are 88% lies or at best misleading. If lying was not vile enough, the Tories have ramped up the hate campaign against the immigrants again to blow the Brexit trumpet, holding the EU nationals and other migrants accountable for everything they failed to deliver. The latest of the hateful rhetoric came from the PM himself, where he claimed that he’ll curb the immigration from EU as they treat this country like their own. They stooped even lower to use the death of Jo Cox and Jack Merritt to foment the anti-immigrant hatred. They have been openly criticised by the bereaved families, but the Conservative Party has no shame, so I can imagine the criticisms and appeals to show some integrity have fallen into empty ears. Not that it’s surprising. Note the Tory election campaign leaflet in 1964 at Smethwick, how divisive they can be to retain power. This is happening again – and they still are equally blatant.

Smethwick election campaign leaflet from the Conservative Party, 1964

So, with a fantastic manifesto, my vote goes to Labour. I don’t mind paying additional taxes or taking some extra burden if that brings even one person out of poverty. But what’s needed to bring Labour in power? There are many marginal seats and they hold the key to swing towards a labour victory. Tactical voting does work and it probably bothers the loyal voters of Labour/LibDem/Green to vote another candidate, but this is the last chance to get rid of vile Boris Johnson and his cabinet of liars, thieves and hatemongers. Here is a rough outline of how to vote tactically –

  1. Find if you are in a marginal seat from this Guardian guide
  2. Find the trend in your local area – GE2017, or even the local elections to see which Tory opposition is gaining more support. Be careful if you use the local elections though, because of the appalling turnout.
  3. Use your social sphere to influence opinions of the floating voters. If you canvas, even better.
  4. Join any last minute local events to bolster the confidence of the people who would like to vote tactically but undecided if that will work.
  5. Vote…go out and bloody vote if you can. There is no point suffering another Tory regime when you have the chance to make the change happen.
Some more links regarding analyses on labour manifesto:

1. https://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/BN271-Labour%27s-nationalisation-policy.pdf
2. https://www.ifs.org.uk/election/2019/article/what-do-the-election-manifestos-mean-for-local-government-funding
3. https://www.ifs.org.uk/election/2019/manifestos
4. https://www.ifs.org.uk/election/2019/article/reducing-in-work-poverty-the-role-of-minimum-wages-and-benefits
5. https://www.ifs.org.uk/election/2019/article/how-high-are-our-taxes-and-where-does-the-money-come-from
6. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/nov/28/ifs-manifesto-labour-economy-investment
7. https://friendsoftheearth.uk/general-election/election-manifestos-labour-tops-friends-earths-climate-and-nature-league-table
8. http://newingtoncomms.co.uk/analysis-labour-manifesto
9. https://fullfact.org/election-2019/labour-manifesto-2019/
10. https://www.libertyhumanrights.org.uk/our-campaigns/believe-better-society/liberty-analysis-labour-party-manifesto
11. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2019/nov/28/ifs-manifesto-verdict-neither-tories-nor-labour-have-credible-spending-plan?fbclid=IwAR29h2hL_p1p52AYmA7mpmvXzqY4vHrE8ldsm4P9JR265J7PRCEEzPV-0es
12. https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/manifesto-tracker?fbclid=IwAR2FiKAZ4oPu2X8gL-imC2jkK5lgZJeX2o_2EXZQg_jsWaLc5QsAMS_JVkY
13. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/dec/09/numbers-public-ownership-uk-utilities-nationalisation?CMP=fb_gu&utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook&fbclid=IwAR1jWbWUEjtZKd2IgjbZnfNt6971vCE1QCZd9LwQAAcuiaizvXWwjLwQ5Kw#Echobox=1575909790

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Equality, Politics, Socialism

Two observations on equality inequation

We were just returning from our week-long break in Paris. The day was hot, at times in mid-thirties. We anticipated cooler weather in the UK. When we reached Folkestone, the temperature didn’t plummet. I thought for a brief moment that it was perhaps the wrong week to be on holiday. It would have been better had the weather here been worse.

But that thought made me think further. Why is it that the weather had to be worse here to make a holiday abroad seem more pleasant? Is it because spending all the money and effort for a break away from the usual cold and damp weather now seemed worthless because anybody who stayed here enjoyed the sun just the same? And is it not the same problem with wealth? No matter how well off one seems to be, they don’t feel exclusive enough if the others had what they have. That we are not happy with what we have got, no matter how much it is — isn’t that the first symptom of inequality of wealth? Sunshine is ubiquitous, just like all resources on earth that we exploit, but we all want a bigger share. So when we look in contempt at other people for being wealthy and not doing enough to help the poor, we should look at ourselves as well. WE, are part of it, and it needs reminding all the time if we even hope to make a difference one day.

The day after, we were eating Father’s Day dinner in a restaurant. It’s not a Michelin star place, but a chain restaurant mainly catered for middle-class clientele. I couldn’t help but overhear the conversation at the table next to us. A middle-aged man, his Aussie partner and opposite them sat a young man of early twenties with headphone on the ear and a woman about the same age. It seemed it was the boy’s family and the girl was the girlfriend. They were talking about the Grenfell Tower and the young woman was vociferously explaining the shortcomings of the councils, the legal implications, where Labour was wrong, where Tories were wrong. She sounded compelling and had won the debate at the table.

Yet, her argument, albeit filled with facts and legal jargon, lacked a basic factor. It lacked empathy for the families that were ruined — the human factor in the equation of the accountabilities. She is a Uni student, and with her knowledge, I wouldn’t be surprised if she was doing politics. I thought of the time if she became a politician. She could present an excellent speech but could still be totally aloof from the people she’s standing up for.

The political elite of this country, irrespective of the party, has this issue of connecting with the common public. If not all, the majority of them, especially the party frontbenchers, hails from a privileged upbringing, and learned politics as theory and analysing the history rather than following the first principles of politics — understanding people. And by not understanding the public or by making the public think that politicians are above their class, it alienated public from most mainstream politicians and paved paths for opportunistic populist parties. The image of one Nigel Farage holding a pint of beer comes to mind.

Brexit results showed the danger of populism and the permanent damage it’ll inflict on the course of UK’s future. It’s about time that the mainstream parties start diversifying their candidate portfolio. Some barriers have been broken in recent years in terms of politics and inclusion of candidates of various background, but classism is another hurdle to overcome. Social engineering in UK public service is a fact, and unless these prejudices are removed, a politician will never be representative of the public they are meant to represent.

And this realisation brought home the two random thoughts together. We live in a society where we are taught seek more, have more than others. Our actions define our future, and others’ as well. Until we reach a point where we learn to think differently or our inherent tendency to create inequality is neutralised by a system fair to all, we will not be living in a society we can be proud to be a part of. And to achieve an equal society, equality should not be devolved or merely representative, but the equality which will be entitled, ubiquitous.

But then, will it ever happen? After all, sitting here, writing about all this rather than doing something about it, I’ve just followed the benevolent socialist bandwagon, who talks about reforming the world but does nothing.

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